Coral reefs worldwide are exposed to multiple human threats and persisting global change impacts, causing coral reef degradation. In the Tropical Eastern Pacific, coral reef have been affected by unsustainable fishing practises, sedimentation from rivers, and runoff from agriculture and from human populations. All of these factors call for action, after studying current reef health, and the potential for reef restoration.
We have developed a two-step restoration operation: with an in situ nursery phase and then transplantation of nursery-farmed coral colonies back onto the reef. Healthy coral stock material is collected from wild populations on nearby reefs and grow in the nursery to a size suitable for out-planting back to the natural reef.
Currently, we are working with 3 different species of endemic reef building coral in our restoration project.
Pavona comes in various formations, here it tends to grown in lobulated or plated colonies. When the tentacles are visible, the colony has a furry look. Pavona has an orange, brown or pinkish colour in this region. It is normally found in the between 10 and 30 m depth range and is quite slow growing.
Porites colonies are encrusting and can reach several meters in diameter. Polyps are very small, pentagonal and and look like little pores. So it is easy to remember it’s called porites. They are normally found in 12-20m and a quite slow growing. Colonies often display scars and white markings caused by fish bites and are a generally beige or greenish in colour
Pocillopora is a branching colony with quite short branches. It is normally brown to greenish in color. and Found slightly shallower in the 5-15m depth range.
They grow well in stronger currents or surge and grow reasonably quickly for a stony coral.